[abstract] EXAMINATION OF THE LONG TERM HEALTH IMPACT OF DIVING (ELTHI DIVING STUDY): THE ASSOCIATION OF COGNITIVE, MUSCULOSKELETAL AND HEARING DEFICIT COMPLAINT IN PROFESSIONAL DIVERS WITH ACTIVITY AS A WELDER AND WITH LOST TIME ACCIDENTS

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[abstract] EXAMINATION OF THE LONG TERM HEALTH IMPACT OF DIVING (ELTHI DIVING STUDY): THE ASSOCIATION OF COGNITIVE, MUSCULOSKELETAL AND HEARING DEFICIT COMPLAINT IN PROFESSIONAL DIVERS WITH ACTIVITY AS A WELDER AND WITH LOST TIME ACCIDENTS

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Title: [abstract] EXAMINATION OF THE LONG TERM HEALTH IMPACT OF DIVING (ELTHI DIVING STUDY): THE ASSOCIATION OF COGNITIVE, MUSCULOSKELETAL AND HEARING DEFICIT COMPLAINT IN PROFESSIONAL DIVERS WITH ACTIVITY AS A WELDER AND WITH LOST TIME ACCIDENTS
Author: Ross, JA; Macdiarmid, JI; Watt, SJ; Osman, LM; Lawson, A; Taylor, CL; Adie, WR; Crawford, JR
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Professional divers complain more of symptoms of "forgetfulness or loss of concentration", "joint pain or muscle stiffness" and "impaired hearing" than age matched controls. Divers are often welders and lost time accidents are also common in divers. Accordingly, welding and lost time accident effects were studied. METHODS: 1540 male divers and 1035 offshore workers as controls responded to a questionnaire assessing general health symptoms and both hyperbaric and welding occupational history. These factors were analyzed in a logistic regression model, adjusted for lifestyle factors. RESULTS: Complaint Welding experience, (n (percent)) Lost time accident, (n (percent)), No Yes, (n =2091) (n=393) Odds Ratio, (95percent CI) No Yes, (n=1481) (n=1004) Odds Ratio, (95percent CI), Joint pain 522 (25percent) 155 (39percent) 1.7 (1.3 -2.2) 283 (19percent) 380 (38percent) 2.0 (1.6 - 2.7), Memory 234 (11percent) 100 (25percent) 2.6 (2.0 - 3.5) 150 (10percent) 180 (18percent) 2.0 (1.5 - 2.5), Hearing 262 (13percent) 90 (23percent) 1.9 (1.4 - 2.6) 162 (11percent) 178 (18percent) 1.6 (1.2 - 2.1), Table: Odds ratio for complaints with welding and accident experience adjusted for lifestyle factors. Welding and lost time accidents were associated with the complaints studied. Odds ratios for complaints occurring as a result of diving were calculated with and without adjustment for welding and accident experience. Without adjustment, the odds ratios related to diving for all three complaints were significant. When welding and lost time accidents were allowed for, the odds ratio of the impact of diving on "impaired hearing" and "joint pain or muscle stiffness" were reduced to 1.2 (95percentCI 0.9-1.5) and 1.2 (95percentCI 0.9-1.6) respectively. The effect of diving on "forgetfulness or loss of concentration", however, remained significant; odds ratio 3.3 (95percentCI 2.4-4.6). CONCLUSIONS: The health effects of commercial diving are due to general professional activities as well as diving.
Description: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. (http://www.uhms.org )
URI: http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/1322
Date: 2003

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  • UHMS Meeting Abstracts
    This is a collection of the published abstracts from the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS) annual meetings.

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