[abstract] DECOMPRESSION ILLNESS IN COZUMEL MEXICO

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[abstract] DECOMPRESSION ILLNESS IN COZUMEL MEXICO

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Title: [abstract] DECOMPRESSION ILLNESS IN COZUMEL MEXICO
Author: Gomez, J; Sanchez, E
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Cozumel Mexico is one of the most visited diving destinations in the world. With over 350,000 dives a year and a growing community of divers, it is necessary to know what is the ratio of dive accidents due to Decompression Illness (DCI) per year. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of DCI in Cozumel Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive study with data recollection from local hyperbaric facilities, dive tank fillers, federal government, local government and dive shops in order to have the most accurate information. The period studied was 2003 to 2005. The number of dives was done as an average of information supplied by government agenciesn, the Marine Park of Cozumel and commercial tank re-fillers on the island. RESULTS: We found an average of 120 cases per year. The average number or dives per year was 381,342 dives. Gender distribution of the divers was 70% male and 30% female. Of these cases, DCS was diagnosed in 97% and Arterial Gas Embolism in 3%. The average number of required recompression treatments per diver was 3 treatments. The most common treatment table used was the USN TT6 followed by USN TT5 and USN TT9. There was a DCS case reported ration of 3.2 for every 10,000 dives. CONCLUSIONS: The diving accident ratio per 10000 dives in Cozumel is similar to that reported in diving publications for other sites. Further studies are ongoing and will continue to evaluate the incidence of diving accidents in Cozumel, Mexico.
Description: Abstract of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. Annual Scientific Meeting, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA. (http://www.uhms.org)
URI: http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/9225
Date: 2009

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  • UHMS Meeting Abstracts
    This is a collection of the published abstracts from the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS) annual meetings.

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