[abstract] MANUAL PERFORMANCE UNDERWATER.

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[abstract] MANUAL PERFORMANCE UNDERWATER.

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dc.contributor.author Brady Jr, JI en_US
dc.contributor.author Burch, LS en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2007-03-29T04:03:32Z
dc.date.available 2007-03-29T04:03:32Z
dc.date.issued 1977 en_US
dc.identifier.other Undersea Biomedical Research, Vol. 4, No. 1, March 1977 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/4213
dc.description Abstract of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. Annual Scientific Meeting held May 13-16, 1977. Holiday-Inn, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (http://www.uhms.org) en_US
dc.description.abstract A significant portion of the activities of Navy, commercial, and scientific divers involves manipulative performance of one kind or another. Yet a literature review revealed little research concerning man's motor capabilities underwater. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to examine the effects of two variables on the performance of an underwater assembly task and on the amount of energy expended during that performance. The two variables examined were the level of manual dexterity of the divers performing the task and the amount of surface practice these divers had received on the task. Several significant findings were observed. First, surface practice on an assembly task transferred positively to performance on the same task underwater. It is generally safer and less expensive to train individuals on dry land than to train them underwater, therefore any facilitation in underwater performance through surface training is important. Second, divers who were high in manual dexterity appeared to perform substantially faster underwater than did divers who were low in manual ability. Such a finding suggests that manual ability has a cogent influence on manipulative performance underwater and that "instruments" for its assessment should prove valuable when included in a selection battery for divers. Interestingly, there were no differences in energy expenditures underwater (measured via air consumption) between high and low surface-practice groups or between manual dexterity groups. This suggests that tasks performed underwater, regardless of the speed of completion, require a given amount of energy. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.rights Abstract of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. Annual Scientific Meeting held May 13-16, 1977. Holiday-Inn, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (http://ww.uhms.org) en_US
dc.subject human factors engineering en_US
dc.subject manual en_US
dc.subject performance en_US
dc.subject motor capabilities en_US
dc.title [abstract] MANUAL PERFORMANCE UNDERWATER. en_US

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  • UHMS Meeting Abstracts
    This is a collection of the published abstracts from the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS) annual meetings.

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