Plasma glucose responses in recreational divers with insulin-requiring diabetes.

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Plasma glucose responses in recreational divers with insulin-requiring diabetes.

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dc.contributor.author Dear, GdeL
dc.contributor.author Pollock, NW
dc.contributor.author Uguccioni, DM
dc.contributor.author Dovenbarger, JA
dc.contributor.author Feinglos, MN
dc.contributor.author Moon, RE
dc.date.accessioned 2007-01-15T23:43:24Z
dc.date.available 2007-01-15T23:43:24Z
dc.date.issued 2004
dc.identifier.citation Undersea Hyperb Med. 2004 Fall;31(3):291-301. en
dc.identifier.other PMID- 15568417
dc.identifier.uri http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/4022
dc.description Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine : Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. en
dc.description.abstract Insulin-requiring diabetes mellitus (IRDM) is commonly described as an absolute contraindication to scuba diving. A 1993 Divers Alert Network survey, however, identified many active IRDM divers. We report on the plasma glucose response to recreational diving in IRDM divers. Plasma glucose values were collected before and after diving in IRDM and healthy control divers. Time/depth profiles of 555 dives in IRDM divers were recorded. IRDM divers had been diving for a mean of almost nine years and had diabetes for a mean of over 15 years. No symptoms or complications related to hypoglycemia were reported (or observed). Post-dive plasma glucose fell below 70 mg x dL(-1) in 7% (37/555) of the IRDM group dives compared to 1% (6/504) of the controls (p<0.05). Moderate levels of hyperglycemia were also noted in 23 divers with IRDM on 84 occasions. While large plasma glucose swings from pre-dive to post-dive were noted, our observations indicate that plasma glucose levels, in moderately-controlled IRDM, can be managed to avoid hypoglycemia during routine recreational dives under ordinary environmental conditions and low risk decompression profiles. en
dc.description.sponsorship Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't en
dc.format.extent 331101 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. en
dc.subject Analysis of Variance en
dc.subject Blood Glucose/*metabolism en
dc.subject Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/*blood en
dc.subject Diving/*adverse effects/physiology/standards en
dc.subject Guidelines en
dc.subject human en
dc.subject Hyperglycemia/diagnosis en
dc.subject Hypoglycemia/*etiology en
dc.title Plasma glucose responses in recreational divers with insulin-requiring diabetes. en
dc.type Article en

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